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Training Manual for Leaders of strategic communities
Prepared by Journalists for Democratic Rights, (JODER)
Supported by Ford Foundation, (FF)
Living together without acrimony is a major challenge in a single society. It is even more difficult in a plural society. Ethnic violence overtime has proven to be a major challenge to the national economy, social growth and justifiable livelihood. In Nigeria, the ugly experience of ethnic-religion crisis led to the civil war which unfortunately lasted for 30 months and claimed lives.
Most of the time, disrespect for other peoples’ culture, tradition and religion, political differencesare often responsible for ethnic violence. In recent times, political differences and conflict over land resources have become critical sources of ethic feud, while lack of good governance have fuelled some of the gory situations of ethnic violence in Nigeria.
The consequences of ethic violence come to bear heavily on the ordinary people that have entrusted their future in the political class by voting for them. Impact on women and our children are enormous while the economy fortune dwindles
The primary targets are the members of the public. The secondary targets are leaders of major ethnic groups in Lagos and other major ethic social formations: a.) Nigerian Automobile Technicians Association, (NATA-Lagos and Ibadan branches), representatives of radical ethnic groups like the O’oduaPeoples Congress, (OPC), O’odua Liberation Movement, (OLM), O’odua nationalist Coalition, (ONAC), Nigerian Union of Road Transport Workers, (NURTW), Igbo Youth Movement, Niger-Delta ethic groups, Alaba Igbo Traders Associations, Arewa ethnic groups, middle-belt ethnic groups.
Others are state and local government authorities, police, State Security Services, (SSS), Non-Governmental Organisations, (NGOs) working in the areas of conflict, women groups, print, electronics and citizen media.
1.) Threat Analysis
2.) Strategic Approaches
3.) Endangered Personalities
4.) Institutions of Sustenance
5.) Endangered national assets.
6.) Weak Underbelly
7.) Peoples Security Consciousness
8.) Options for peaceful co-existence.
i) The summit will be addressed by leaders of the various ethnic groups in Lagos and Ibadan most especially the vulnerable ethnic groups.
ii) The summit will last for two days. The first day focuses on the imperatives of peaceful co-existence among the various ethnic groups in Lagos with focus on managing conflict, reporting conflict in the social media and the mainstream media, mechanism for peaceful ethic relations.
iii) The second day involves technical, expert summit of leaders of the ethic group participating at the summit. The focus will be on developing the framework for specific conflict prevention and conflict management mechanism.
What the summit will achieve
i) Create greater solidarity and peaceful co-existence among the ethnic groups in Lagos.
ii) Create an interactive data of ethnic-based leaders in the state for greater understanding.
i) Setting up of a contact committee that meets once monthly.
ii) Exchange of contacts between leaders of ethnic groups and getting to know each other better.
iii) Identification of potential flash points and mapping of such areas with the right crisis prevention mechanism.
iv) Joint statement on peaceful co-existence of the ethnic groups in Lagos and Ibadan.
v) Production of IEC material on peaceful co-existence among ethnic groups in Lagos and Ibadan.
vi) There will be production of IEC material on peace building.
vii) There will be production of book detailing event circulated among participants.
viii) Setting up of NETWORK FOR PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE, (NEPCOE) in the face of ethnic violence, security of lives and properties cannot be also not be guaranteed.
The training manual is aimed at educating leaders of strategic groups, bothethnic and social-economic communities in Nigeria through of peaceful co-existence and how to ensure sustainable growth in Nigeria. It is aimed at imposing the responsibility of ensuring peaceful co-existence as a cardinal principle of these strategic groups.
In the manual, cautious attempts were made at identifying the salient issues inethnic relations in Nigeria with a keen provision of tips on how to prevent such ugly occurrences through practical steps and actions of individuals and ethnic or social communities.
PURPOSE OF THE TRAINING
Journalists for Democratic Rights, JODER acknowledges the support of the Ford Foundation which provided the funds for the programme. The organisers acknowledges participants that took part in the workshop in Lagos with a significant presence of participants from Lagos and Ibadan.
Our appreciation also goes to the leaders of ethnic nationalities through various meetings and interactions provided useful information for the production of this material.
We express our appreciations to the management and staffs of JODER who had contributed immensely to the successful production of this training manual.
WHAT IS ETHNIC CONFLICT?
An ethnic conflict is a conflict is caused by the differences in the tribe or nationality of the disputants.
What other definitions do we have?
Are human beings really different from each other and in what ways if any?
Should these differences really constitute a source of disagreement between people or communities?
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF ETHNIC CONFLICT?
Causes of ethnic conflict can be said to be the following:
What other causes do we have?
Could these instances have been prevented?
From our personal differences, what are the causes of ethnic conflict?
WHAT ARE THE MAJOR ETHNIC CONFLICTS THAT NIGERIA HAS WITNESSED SINCE 1960?
-The TIV riot.
-The 1963 operation wetie in the South West
-The 1966 to 1970 civil war
-June 12 crisis
What other instances of ethnic conflict do we have?
What are your views on these instances of conflict?
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF ETHNIC CONFLICT
KEY PRINCIPLES OF CONFLICT PREVENTION TO BEAR IN MIND
ROLE OF NGOS IN ETHNIC CONFLICT PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT
Which NGOs are being referred?
DETECTING AND NOTIFYING INDICATORS OF COMMUNITY DISTRESS
It is paramount for NGOs to study common interest and value of a community and identify when the value is under distress by familiar factors or unfamiliar factors. This enables timely reaction and intervention through enlightenments on the conflict indicators.
HOW TO STRENGTHEN ETHNIC CAPACITY REGARDING CONFLICT PREVENTION
Suggestions for the government.
Suggestions for the civil society.
Suggestions for other stakeholders.
The representitives of CCG and JODER, Dr Balogun and Mr Adewale Adeoye, and the Project Manager, Mr Ayo Ariyo, all emphasised that the objectives of the training, which was titled: “Equitable Media Access for political parties/candidates and interest,” was to identify obstacles to equitable media access, shared experience and proffer solutions to the highlighted problems.